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Title: Changing fictions of masculinity : adaptations of Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights, 1939-2009
Author: Fanning, Sarah Elizabeth
ISNI:       0000 0004 2743 4212
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2012
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The discursive and critical positions of the ‘classic’ nineteenth-century novel, particularly the woman’s novel, in the field of adaptation studies have been dominated by long-standing concerns about textual fidelity and the generic processes of the text-screen transfer. The sociocultural patterns of adaptation criticism have also been largely ensconced in representations of literary women on screen. Taking a decisive twist from tradition, this thesis traces the evolution of representations of masculinity in the malleable characters of Rochester and Heathcliff in film and television adaptations of Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre and Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights between 1939 and 2009. Concepts of masculinity have been a neglected area of enquiry in studies of the ‘classic’ novel on screen. Adaptations of the Brontës’ novels, as well as the adapted novels of other ‘classic’ women authors such as Jane Austen, George Eliot and Elizabeth Gaskell, increasingly foreground male character in traditionally female-oriented narratives or narratives whose primary protagonist is female. This thesis brings together industrial histories, textual frames and sociocultural influences that form the wider contexts of the adaptations to demonstrate how male characterisation and different representations of masculinity are reformulated and foregrounded through three different adaptive histories of the narratives of Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights. Through the contours of the film and television industries, the application of text and context analysis, and wider sociocultural considerations of each period an understanding of how Rochester and Heathcliff have been transmuted and centralised within the adaptive history of the Brontë novel.
Supervisor: Hanson, Helen; Plunkett, John Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: adaptation ; aldous huxley ; adaptation theory ; andrea arnold ; andrew lincoln ; bbc ; ben hecht ; bronte ; catherine earnshaw ; censorship ; charles macarthur ; charlotte bronte ; charlotte riley ; ciaran hinds ; dark heritage ; david o. selznick ; david skynner ; depression ; edgar linton ; emily bronte ; fidelity criticism ; film ; heathcliff ; heritage film ; hollywood ; ian mcshane ; itv ; jane eyre ; joan craft ; joan fontaine ; john houseman ; kate adshead ; kay mellor ; ken hutchison ; landscape ; laurence olivier ; linda hutcheon ; masculinity ; masterpiece classics ; masterpiece theatre ; merle oberon ; mgm ; michael jayston ; narrative theory ; new man ; orla brady ; orson welles ; pbs ; peter bowker ; peter hammond ; peter sasdy ; production code ; quality television ; robert cavanagh ; robert stevenson ; robert young ; robin chapman ; rochester ; ruth wilson ; samantha morton ; samuel goldwyn ; sandy welch ; sarah lancashire ; selznick ; sensitive man ; sorcha cusack ; susanna white ; television ; toby stephens ; tom hardy ; twentieth century-fox ; wgbh ; william wyler ; world war two ; wuthering heights ; youth rebellion ; characterisation