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Title: Ab initio modelling of quasi-one-dimensional Bose gas experiments via the stochastic Gross-Pitaevskii equation
Author: Gallucci, Donatello
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 2013
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis we use the stochastic Gross-Pitaevskii equation (SGPE), a finite temperature model for weakly interacting ultracold Bose gases which fully incorporates density and phase fluctuations, to demonstrate ab initio quantitative agreementwith a number of quasi-one-dimensional experiments. To achieve this, we propose and numerically solve a quasi-one-dimensional form of the SGPE, supported by a self-consistent treatment of radially-excited thermal modes. The quasi-one-dimensional stochastic Gross-Pitaevskii equation provides an accurate finite temperature description of the dynamical equilibrium of the lowenergy axial modes of a Bose gas, assumed to be highly populated and thus treated within the ‘classical field’ approximation. This treatment allows to selfconsistently account for transverse, quasi-one-dimensional effects, which makes it a valid model in the regime where the chemical potential, μ, is approximately equal to a few times the transverse excitation energy, ~!?. In the regime where the thermal energy, kBT, is also comparable to or larger than ~!?, the transverse excited states play an increasingly important role, and are treated here as onedimensional independent Bose gases at static equilibrium. Firstly, we demonstrate that this is an excellentmodel for ab initio investigation of equilibrium properties, such as density profiles and density fluctuations. This is shown by accurately reproducing the in situ density profiles recently obtained in the experiments of Trebbia et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 250403 (2006)] and van Amerongen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 090402 (2008)], and the density fluctuation data reported by Armijo et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 230402 (2010)]. Moreover, we perform an ab initio analysis of the temperature dependence of the phase coherence of finite temperature, quasi-one-dimensional Bose gases measured in the experiments of Richard et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 010405 (2003)] and Hugbart et al. [Eur. Phys. J. D 35, 155 (2005)]. We find very good agreement across the entire observed temperature range in both experiments, and improve upon previous theoretical modelling of the latter.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available