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Title: Separation of pyrite from arsenopyrite by flotation
Author: Sirkeci, Ayhan Ali
ISNI:       0000 0004 2740 8460
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 1992
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This thesis reports investigations into the flotation separation of pyrite from arsenopyrite using xanthates and the new collectors Fl, S7 and F2B developed by Dow Chemical Company. The Dow surfactants were classified as chelating collectors by the manufacturer. For this purpose Hallimond tube, bench and column flotation tests were run in order to assess the flotation behaviour of these minerals. In addition to these experiments other tests performed were adsorption characteristics of Fl on pyrite and arsenopyrite, the effect of Fl on electrophoretic mobility and surface tension of Fl solutions. The effect of pH on the recovery of pyrite and arsenopyrite was studied for all collectors with the Hallimond tube. pH values ranging from 2 to 12 were tested at constant collector concentrations. At the optimum pH values further experiments were carried out under varying collector concentrations. The results obtained for five different collectors showed that selectivity was rather poor at all conditions except for Fl. A successful separation was seen to be possible employing Fl and by floating pyrite. This was proven by using a mixture of equal amounts of pyrite and arsenopyrite and selectively floating pyrite. Bench and column flotation tests were carried out in order to confirm the results obtained with the Hallimond tube. A Denver flotation cell was used and a column cell was constructed. In these tests Fl was used as a collector and in some cases amyl xanthate was blended. The effect of collector concentration was monitored and other parameters were adjusted for an optimum separation. Observations showed that a selective flotation of pyrite from arsenopyrite could be possible. Adsorption characteristics of Fl on pyrite and arsenopyrite were studied as a function of collector concentration, pH and time. Though there was not a direct correlation between the amount of Fl adsorbed and the success of flotation, in general pyrite was found to adsorb more Fl than arsenopyrite. Electrophoretic mobility of pyrite and arsenopyrite against pH and collector concentration was measured. It was observed that Fl did not have a substantial effect on the electrophoretic mobility of these minerals. The measured pK value of Fl indicated that most of the collector in solution was in molecular form above pH 9.2.
Supervisor: Gochin, Rod ; Monhemius, John ; Burkin, Richard Sponsor: Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı, Turkey
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available