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Title: 'Men of brain and brawn and guts' : the professionalization of marine engineering in Britain, France and Germany 1830-1914
Author: Hamblin, Katy Joanne
ISNI:       0000 0004 2742 7813
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis explores the history of the sea-going Marine Engineer in comparative perspective from the 1830's. It addresses the development and character of marine engineering and the status of those practicing it at sea in Britain, France and Germany from a disparate and temporary labour force of skilled craftsmen, into an identifiable occupation, and arguably a new profession. It aims to investigate the history of the sea- going marine engineer by exploring those four generic and interdependent themes which are key in occupational development; the function of the occupation, the prerequisites required of those wishing to be engaged in the occupation, the rewards available to the practitioners of the occupation, and the attempts at collective action by the members. By investigating how these themes have progressed from 1830, the thesis aims to construct an overall portrait of the development of the occupation, the status of those engaged in it, and the identity of the occupation and its members which was forged and emerged as a result in each national context. Firstly the thesis will examine the adoption and growth of steam in each of the national fleets, and the subsequent developments and application of both propulsive and auxiliary plant under the charge of the engineer at sea. In investigating the prerequisites of the occupation the thesis will explore the introduction of licensing for engineers at sea imposed upon the marine industry by civil authority in the mid-nineteenth century and the subsequent advent of formal education and training for engineers at sea, as well as the character this assumed. Thirdly the thesis will explore the changing level of monetary and material reward available to the marine engineer in exchange for his services, as well as his social position aboard ship. Finally, the thesis will examine the rise, development and significance of organisation by marine engineers in professional societies and trade unions, looking at the formation and work of these bodies and what they tell us about the aspirations of the members and development of the occupation. Ultimately the thesis will hope to make comment on the development of the market for marine engineers, and on their status as both officers at sea and professional engineers by 1914. This is in essence an occupational history in comparative context. The process by which the sea-going 'engine-man' became the Marine Engineer in Britain, the Mecanicien de la Marine Marchande became the Officier Mecanicien and aspired to become the Ingenieur Mecanicien in France, and the Seemaschinisten became the Schiffsingenieure in Germany contributes to wider literature on the rise of engineers in society since the industrialisation of Britain and Europe in the nineteenth century, and the development and status of technological professionals.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available