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Title: The vascular variability of the iliac system and clinical diagnosis in radiology and neurology
Author: Al Talalwah, Waseem
ISNI:       0000 0004 2742 3564
Awarding Body: University of Dundee
Current Institution: University of Dundee
Date of Award: 2013
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The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the human body giving both motor and sensory innervations to the lower limb. It can be affected in chronic diseases, such as diabetes, or compressed anatomically by structures such as piriformis and aneurysms leading to sciatica or paralysis of the lower limb. The current study therefore focuses on the arterial supply of the sciatic nerve as well as its course. Embryologically, the sciatic nerve is supplied via the axial artery during the first trimester. As the axial artery regresses, the iliac system develops. A failure of sciatic artery regression leads to several variations of pelvic and femoral arteries, with a risk of iatrogenic injury/trauma for those patients undergoing pelvic, gluteal and thigh surgical procedures. An understanding of the variability of the pelvic arteries in relation to a coexistent sciatic artery will provide an appropriate background for clinicians. The present study proposes a new theory of sciatic artery development and persistence, as well as new theories for the superior and inferior gluteal, internal pudendal and obturator arteries. The thesis is in two parts: first an anatomical study on the dissection of 171 cadavers including the pelvic, gluteal and thigh regions to observe (i) the patterns of the arteries these regions, and (ii) the course of the sciatic nerve. With variable course of sciatic nerve, there is a variability of its blood supply. Moreover, it includes a new classification of sciatic nerve with respect to clinical implications. The thesis clarifies the origins of the sciatic artery and its course. The second part is a literature review of sciatic artery aneurysm cases in 171 patients, which clarifies the risk of aneurysm, together with its incidence with respect to pathologic finding and associated disorders. Radiologists have to be aware of the internal iliac artery classifications to be able to alert general surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, obstetricians, gynecologists, and urologists so that they can improve patient management.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sciatica ; Piriformis syndrom ; Intermittent claudication ; Vascular radiology ; Angiography ; ; Sciatic artery theory ; Inguinal hernia ; Sciatic artery aneurysm ; Sciatic nerve classification ; Neurological diseases,