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Title: Cross-race effect on forensic facial reconstruction and recognition of reconstructed faces
Author: Lee, Won-Joon
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 8159
Awarding Body: University of Dundee
Current Institution: University of Dundee
Date of Award: 2012
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Research studies into the reliability of forensic facial reconstruction have focused mainly on the accuracy of facial reconstruction from European or African ancestry skulls. Additionally the recognition of the human face by different racial groups and its effect on practitioners in facial reconstruction has not been considered in those studies. As a result, there is a paucity of research addressing the systemic approach to the accuracy of reconstructed faces produced by practitioners of a ‘different race’ (from the origin of the skull) or the cross-race recognition of the reconstructed faces. The aims of this research are; to investigate whether the ‘cross-race effect’ has any influence on the accuracy of facial reconstruction using both experienced and inexperienced practitioners (‘cross-race effect on reconstructing faces’); to evaluate how much the recognition rate of the facial reconstructions is affected by the cross-race effect (‘cross-race effect on recognizing reconstructed faces’). Fifteen facial reconstructions from three racial type skulls were produced by experienced or trained practitioners who had different racial backgrounds in order to explore the aims. The results demonstrated that the reconstructions from the same race skulls to the practitioners were recognised more accurately by the assessors from three racial groups, and that training and experience in recognising and reconstructing the face from other race can reduce the cross-race effect.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available