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Title: Stress in Nuuchahnulth : placement and implications
Author: Thorp , Ben
ISNI:       0000 0004 2747 1881
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis examines the stress patterns of Tsishaath Nuuchahnulth, a Southern Wakashan language of Vancouver Island, Canada, and assesses the phonological and morphological implications of primary and secondary stress placement. It is proposed that Tsishaath employs a primary stress system that discerns placement based on the particular properties of the initial two syllables of the word, the domain for primary stress placement, and assesses such against a five-member, three-degree weight hierarchy. Variable vowels, previously identified as light in terms of stress placement, are shown to be heavy. Further, it is proposed that in addition to the recognised stress-influencing vowel-nasal clusters, vowel-glottal clusters within the first two syllables also influence primary stress placement in Tsishaath. The thesis investigates the contentious issue of secondary stress in Tsishaath and finds that the system is split into two operations: the auto-stressing of long vowels in any position in the word, and the assignment of stress to alternating non-long vowels away from the rightmost long vowel or primary stress. These systems are considered in the context of reduplication, and are proposed to have significant bearing on other morphological and phonological processes. The application of both root-internal glottal-stop deletion and intervocalic glottal-stop deletion within a derived sequence is shown to be dependent on primary stress placement. The epenthesis of glottal- stops within the first two syllables of the word is shown to be a split process of insertion and deletion, again dependent on the position of primary stress. The behaviour of locative bases is considered in the context of stress placement and the interactional consequence (the bases' inability to house primary stress) is proposed to be indicative of the 'emptiness' of the bases. The thesis concludes that Tsishaath employs a four-level grammar structure and proposes that evidence from the interaction between reduplication and the glottal-deletion process, as well as the interaction between the language's three stress processes, best suits the language to analysis in Stratal Optimality Theory rather than its classic, mono-stratal counterpart.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available