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Title: Absolute absorption and dispersion in a thermal Rb vapour at high densities and high magnetic fields
Author: Weller, Lee
ISNI:       0000 0004 2744 5157
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis presents a comparative study of the measured and calculated absolute absorption and dispersion properties of the Rb D lines through a dense thermal vapour in the absence and presence of an applied magnetic field. A detailed theoretical model valid in the weak-probe regime is calculated. The model uses a matrix representation of the atomic Hamiltonian including the magnetic field interaction for Rb in the completely uncoupled basis. Numerical diagonalisation allows the frequency detunings and transition strengths to be calculated. The lineshape of each transition is modelled as a Voigt profile, a convolution of the inhomogeneous and homogeneous profiles. The medium’s susceptibility is found by summing over all the electric-dipole-allowed transitions. For dense thermal vapours a modification to the homogeneous linewidth of each transition, which grows linearly with the number density of atoms, arises due to resonant dipole-dipole interactions between identical atoms in superpositions of the ground and excited terms. In the presence of an applied magnetic field we investigate the Stokes parameters of light propagating through a dense thermal vapour. For fields larger than 0.33 T we enter the hyperfine Paschen-Back regime on the Rb D lines. We present a compact optical isolator based on an atomic vapour, exploiting the spectral region of high transmission and large dispersion where we would normally expect absorption on the Rb D lines. Frequency up-conversion is shown in the fluorescence measurements over the visible and near infra-red regions for strong excitation. Low density transfer arises due to the energy-pooling effect between two identical atoms in their first excited terms. At high densities resonant dipole-dipole interactions give rise to a threshold for the energy transfer. We characterise the threshold behaviour with increasing number density.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available