Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Supercritical water oxidation as a technology for the treatment of model and industrial wastewaters : reaction kinetics and reactor configurations
Author: Kings, Iain Nicholas
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 8562
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2013
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This work investigates the advantages of a multi-stage supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) reactor over a single-stage configuration in treating dimethylformamide (DMF), a model compound representing nitro-organic wastewaters. Single-stage SCWO of complex wastewaters was also investigated. A PFR rig was designed and constructed to investigate reactor temperature, initial DMF concentration, stoichiometric ratio, residence time and oxidant distribution effects on component yields. Reaction temperature was the critical variable for treatability; T>500\(^0\)C caused near-complete DMF/TOC removal at relatively short residence times (approx. 6 s). DMF SCWO displayed Arrhenius-type kinetics, and the DMF (1) and O\(_2\) (0.36) reaction orders, activation energy (140 kJ mol\(^-\)\(^1\)) and pre-exponential factor (1x10\(^1\)\(^2\) M\(^0\)\(^.\)\(^3\)\(^6\) s\(^-\)\(^1\)) were evaluated. Certain injection configurations resulted in higher TOC removals than single-stage, particularly when the second injection occurred at 0.5L and delivered 50 – 67% of the oxidant, although ammonia yield exceeded those in single-stage SCWO at these points. Single-stage SCWO outperformed a small number of configurations. T>500\(^0\)C was shown to be suitable to treat complex wastes. Complete conversion of TOC to products likely occurs within 10\(^2\) s. It was seen that TOC value alone may not be a suitable input when attempting to determine treatability in SCWO and that composition must also be considered.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP Chemical technology