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Title: Generating reference to visible objects
Author: Mitchell, Margaret
ISNI:       0000 0004 2740 1816
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis, I examine human-like language generation from a visual input head-on, exploring how people refer to visible objects in the real world. Using previous work and the studies from this thesis, I propose an algorithm that generates humanlike reference to visible objects. Rather than introduce a general-purpose REG algorithm, as is tradition, I address the sorts of properties that visual domains in particular make available, and the ways that these must be processed in order to be used in a referring expression algorithm. This method uncovers several issues in generating human-like language that have not been thoroughly studied before. I focus on the properties of color, size, shape, and material, and address the issues of algorithm determinism and how speaker variation may be generated; unique identification of objects and whether this is an appropriate goal for generating humanlike reference; atypicality and the role it plays in reference; and multi-featured values for visual attributes. Technical contributions from this thesis include (1) an algorithm for generating size modifiers from features in a visual scene; and (2) a referring expression generation algorithm that generates structures for varied, human-like reference.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Natural language processing (Computer science)