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Title: British colonial and post-colonial attitudes to architecture and heritage conservation in Malaysia, with reference to the works of Mubin Sheppard
Author: Ali, Zuraini Md
ISNI:       0000 0004 2746 2192
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2012
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Malaysia, after more than fifty years as an independent nation, is one of the most progressive countries in architectural development in South East Asia. In the last three decades, a conscious appreciation of architectural conservation has been established in the country. This study aims to provide a framework for the history and development of the architectural conservation movement in Malaysia, since a large vacuum exists in this area. Using the historical interpretive method, a qualitative examination of case studies and leading prominent personnel has provided historical documentation and useful insights. This thesis attempts to give a chronological account of the development and origins of Malaysian architectural conservation efforts, with particular reference to the role of the late Tan Sri Mubin Sheppard, catalyst and leading promoter of conservation activities, who became the focus of this research. Thus, Sheppard's contribution to the fledgling heritage conservation movement is examined against the background of the establishment and involvement of government agencies, primarily the Museums Department under the British Empire from the 1880s till the newly-implemented National Heritage Act 2005. The research starts with a brief review of Sheppard's life - in particular, his work in Malaya (later Malaysia), followed by a literature review of the historical survey of conservation organisations in the United Kingdom (the British colonial motherland) to see the influence of past events and conservation practices at the time. This thesis then examines Sheppard's contributions to notable Governmental agencies. i.e. the Department of Museums (DoM). and Non-Governmental Organisations. namely the Malayan (later Malaysian) Historical Society (MHS) and Budan Warisan Malaysia (BWM or The Heritage of Malaysia Trust). The major sources of information include accessible reports. relevant newspaper articles and journal collections in the archives and libraries in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, and in particular. documents belonging Sheppard in the National Archives of Malaysia, the University of Cambridge Library and the National Archives in the UK. Studies on selected conservation projects that Sheppard participated in (notably Istana Ampang Tinggi. Masjid Kampong Laut and Istana Tengku Nik), interviews and correspondence with individuals from organisations Sheppard was involved with (MHS, DoM and BWM) and visits to the sites were conducted. The research has been partly limited by bureaucratic restrictions and the confidentiality of materials available in Malaysia. The findings from this research give a new perspective and provide new knowledge on architectural conservation in the country and delineate a significant historical path for others to follow in understanding the crucial issues and challenges faced by those who carried out conservation projects in the early years in Malaysia.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available