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Title: Distinguishing models of new physics at the LHC
Author: Svantesson, Patrik
ISNI:       0000 0004 2743 4466
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2013
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The work presented in this thesis explores ways of distinguishing models of physics beyond the Standard Model at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The focus is put on supersymmetric models, in particular the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and the E6-inspired Supersymmetric Standard Model (E6SSM), which are well known and well motivated models. The muon decay channel of the pseudoscalar and heavy Higgs bosons in the MSSM is studied. It is shown that these decays to muons, in some scenarios, make it possible to measure the widths of these Higgs bosons at the LHC. This is the only known way of measuring this width at the LHC. The decays to muons also allow for the mass to be measured accurately which together with the width measurement offers a unique opportunity to pin down the value of the model parameter tan Beta, which could be used to distinguish different scenarios within the MSSM and potentially in its extensions. Gluino cascade decays are investigated as a tool to distinguish the MSSM from more complex models, with the E6SSM as an example. It is shown that the longer cascade decays of the E6SSM gluinos provide less missing transverse momentum and higher lepton multiplicity, implying the higher importance of multi-lepton searches at the LHC in models with a richer low-energy particle content. The three-lepton channel is shown to be a good discriminator between the models. In the case of a gluino discovery one would typically expect a signal in this channel if it is an E6SSM gluino but not if it is an MSSM gluino. Furthermore, the implications of limits from dark matter and Z' searches on the Higgs sector and other collider phenomenology are discussed. These implications are important to constrain and differentiate models. In addition, the contribution to fine-tuning from the Z' mass is discussed as an important measure of how attractive a model is, which should be considered by model builders
Supervisor: Belyaev, Alexander Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics