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Title: Characterization of mesoscopic crystal plasticity from high-resolution surface displacement and lattice orientation mappings
Author: Di Gioacchino, Fabio
ISNI:       0000 0004 2740 4849
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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Being able to predict the evolution of plastic deformation at the microstructural scale is of paramount importance in the engineering of materials for advanced applications. However, this is not straightforward because of the multiscale nature of deformation heterogeneity, both in space and time . The present thesis combines four related studies in a coherent work, which is aimed to develop experimental methods for studying crystal plasticity at the micro and mesoscale. A novel methodology for gold remodelling is initially proposed and used to apply high-density speckle patterns on the surface of stainless steel specimens. The unique proprieties of the speckle pattern enabled plastic deformation mapping with submicron resolution using digital image correlation (HDIC). It was therefore possible to study the concomitant evolution of microbands and transgranular deformation bands in such alloy. High-resolution deformation mapping also enabled comparison with high-resolution electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) observations. The only partial correspondence of results proved the limits of EBSD in characterizing plastic deformation. The cause of such limitation is later identified in the reduced sensitivity to lattice slip of the EBSD technique. Hence, a novel method of HDIC data analysis is proposed to separate the contributions of lattice slip and lattice rotation from the deformation mapping. The method is adopted to characterize plasticity in austenitic stainless steel and at the plastic deformation zone (PDZ) around a silicon particle embedded in a softer aluminum matrix. Results show that the proposed experimental methodology has the unique capability of providing a complete description of the micro and mesoscale mechanics of crystal plasticity. HDIC therefore emerges as a key technique in the development of accurate physical-based multiscale crystal plasticity models.
Supervisor: Quinta Da fonseca, Joao Sponsor: Serco Group plc
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: crystal plasticity ; strain gradient plasticity ; digital image correlation ; electron backscatter diffraction