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Title: MEMS micromirrors for imaging applications
Author: Li, Li
ISNI:       0000 0004 2744 7216
Awarding Body: University of Strathclyde
Current Institution: University of Strathclyde
Date of Award: 2013
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Optical MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) are widely used in various applications. In this thesis, the design, simulation and characterisation of two optical MEMS devices for imaging applications, a varifocal micromirror and a 2D scanning micromirror, are introduced. Both devices have been fabricated using the commercial Silicon-on-Insulator multi-users MEMS processes (SOIMUMPs), in the 10 m thick Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) wafer. Optical MEMS device with variable focal length is a critical component for imaging system miniaturisation. In this thesis, a thermally-actuated varifocal micromirror (VFM) with 1-mm-diameter aperture is introduced. The electrothermal actuation through Joule heating of the micromirror suspensions and the optothermal actuation using incident laser power absorption have been demonstrated as well as finite element method (FEM) simulation comparisons. Especially, the optical aberrations produced by this VFM have been statistically quantified to be negligible throughout the actuation range. A compact imaging system incorporating this VFM has been demonstrated with high quality imaging results. MEMS 2D scanners, or scanning micromirrors, are another type of optical MEMS which have been widely investigated for applications such as biomedical microscope imaging, projection, retinal display and optical switches for telecommunication network, etc. For large and fast scanning motions, the actuation scheme to scan a micromirror in two axes, the structural connections and arrangement are fundamental. The microscanner introduced utilises two types of actuators, electrothermal actuators and electrostatic comb-drives, to scan a 1.2-mm-diameter gold coated silicon micromirror in two orthogonal axes. With assistance of FEM software, CoventorWare, the structure optimisation of actuators and flexure connections are presented. The maximum optical scan angles in two axes by each type of actuator individually and by actuating the two at the same time have been characterised experimentally. By programming actuation signals, the microscanner has achieved a rectangular scan pattern with 7°x10° angular-scan-field at a line-scan rate of around 1656 Hz.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available