Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for people who are distressed by hearing voices : a case series
Author: Clark, Abigail
ISNI:       0000 0004 2742 6845
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2012
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Metacognitive beliefs are ‘thoughts about thoughts’ and they have been implicated in the development and maintenance of a range of emotional disorders. Applying Wells & Matthews (1994, 1996) Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) to psychotic experiences Morrison et al. (1995) and Morrison (2001) propose that metacognitive beliefs may create cognitive dissonance and arousal with the occurrence of intrusive thoughts, leading to the thought being externalised resulting in psychotic symptoms. Current evidence supports their proposal, finding that negative beliefs, in particular thoughts about responsibility, punishment, and superstition are consistently found to be related to psychotic experiences. There is also some evidence that positive beliefs are related. However, it may be that Morrison and colleagues’ model is more parsimonious for some psychotic symptoms, such as symptoms of thought interference, than others. As the research is cross-sectional we are unable at this stage to make causal statements and so we cannot confirm the S-REF model. Nevertheless, the fact that maladaptive metacognitive beliefs are present suggests that this is an important area to target in treatment and relevant therapeutic models are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available