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Title: Terrorism and fundamentalism in the Middle East
Author: Khattari, S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2739 9752
Awarding Body: University of Salford
Current Institution: University of Salford
Date of Award: 1991
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The phenomenon of terrorism in the Middle East historically has involved violent confrontation not only between governments and politically disaffected groups and movements but also between ethnically and ideologically differentiated communities. More recently governments both within and without the region have had to reckon with the rise of Islamic fundamentalism which under certain conditions has led to terrorist acts motivated by strict religious prescription. Terrorism carried on by adherents of a religious sect in response to divine ordinance is not new in the region; the assassin movement, springing from a branch of Isma'ili Shi'ism, thrived from the tenth to the fourteenth centuries. Members of this group, the fedai, believed that the killing of the unrighteous was a holy act meriting salvation. This study focusses on the Shi'a of Lebanon; it analyses their resurgence as a consequence of the clash between the confessionalism of the modern Lebanese political system and their own traditional feudal organisation, and seeks to establish the linkage between their perception of religious prescription and current terrorism in the Middle East which, it is argued, is employed to obtain sectarian objectives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available