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Title: Density bounds and tangent measures
Author: Martin, Adrian
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2013
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A major theme in geometric measure theory is establishing global properties, such as rectifiability, of sets or measures from local ones, such as densities or tangent measures. In establishing sufficient conditions for rectifiability it is useful to know what local properties are possible in a given setting, and this is the theme of this thesis. It is known, for 1-dimensional subsets of the plane with positive lower density, that the tangent measures being concentrated on a line is sufficient to imply rectifiability. It is shown here that this cannot be relaxed too much by demonstrating the existence of a 1-dimensional subset of the plane with positive lower density whose tangent measures are concentrated on the union of two halflines, and yet the set is unrectiable. A class of metrics are also defined on R, which are functions of the Euclidean metric, to give spaces of dimension s (s > 1), where the lower density is strictly greater than 21-s, and a method for gaining an explicit lower bound for a given dimension is developed. The results are related to the generalised Besicovitch 1/2 conjecture. Set functions are defined that measure how easily the subsets of a set can be covered by balls (of any radius) with centres in the subset. These set functions are studied and used to give lower bounds on the upper density of subsets of a normed space, in particular Euclidean spaces. Further attention is paid to subsets of R, where more explicit bounds are given.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA0440 Geometry. Trigonometry. Topology