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Title: Structural and compositional analysis of cobalt palladium model catalyst surfaces
Author: Murdoch, Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 2738 0277
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2012
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To date there has been much work carried out in the field of surface science to gain a better understanding of the fundamentals of a wide range of catalytic systems and reactions. The central theme of this thesis relates to cobalt based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) with particular focus on the structure, composition and surface chemistry of CoPd bimetallic systems and on the interaction of Co with oxide support materials. In the work described in this thesis MEIS and STM are used to examine the growth of Co on Pd{111} and to characterise the structure of CoPd alloys created by thermal treatment of thin Co films. MEIS investigations indicate that Co grows initially as an fcc overlayer, but beyond a few layers, a stacking fault exists resulting in hcp growth. On annealing between 550 and 700 K, a previously unreported ordered surface alloy is observed giving rise to a p(2 x 1) structure which is concluded to be the surface termination of an ordered CoPd bulk alloy. At higher annealing temperatures, long range Moiré structure is observed by STM which MEIS reveals to correspond to a Pd-rich alloy. MEIS is used to investigate adsorbate induced segregation effects at CoPd surfaces on Pd{111}. The adsorption of O2, CO, H2 and CO/H2 mixtures (syngas) were all examined on a range of bimetallic surfaces. Oxygen adsorption on CoPd alloys strongly segregates cobalt to the surface as a result of the facile oxidation reaction. The behaviour of the components of syngas was more complex with the most noticeable effects being observed on surfaces which were more defect rich. The growth, annealing behaviour and adsorption properties of Co particles on oxide and mixed oxide surfaces are examined using MEIS and TPD.
Supervisor: Baddeley, Christopher J. Sponsor: Sasol Technology UK ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP159.C3M8 ; Cobalt catalysts--Analysis ; Cobalt alloys--Analysis ; Palladium alloys--Analysis ; Fischer-Tropsch process