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Title: Managing or not managing expectations : a grounded theory of intimate partner violence from the perspective of Pakistani people
Author: Ali, Parveen Azam
ISNI:       0000 0004 2737 1960
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2012
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social and public health problem affecting people in various cultures and societies. Much research has been undertaken to understand the phenomenon, its determinants, and its consequences in numerous countries around the world. However, there is a paucity of research on IPV in many areas of the world including Pakistan. The present study aimed to develop a theory to explain the meaning of IPV from the perspective of Pakistani men and women. The study utilised a qualitative approach with constructivist grounded theory methods and analysis. Data were collected from Karachi, Pakistan and Pakistani diaspora in Sheffield, UK between February 2009 and February 2011. Forty one participants, including 20 from Pakistan and 21 from the UK took part in the study. Twenty six interviews were undertaken in Urdu and this required detailed attention to translation. Findings of the study helped in the development of a theory that not managing expectations is the cause of IPV from the perspective of Pakistani people. Findings revealed that IPV is thought to escalate from conflict between husband and wife over various daily life issues and unmet expectations. It results from a continuous and complex interplay of many different factors and processes. Central to these processes is the ability of the husband and wife to meet the expectations of not only each other but of other family members. A failure to meet expectations contributes to the development of conflict that may escalate into IPV due to various factors such as personal attributes, conflict management abilities, attitudes towards IPV, negative role of family, socioeconomic and cultural factors. This has implications for any policy aimed at reducing the occurrence of IPV in Pakistani people. Policies would need to focus on helping people to manage expectations, or recognise that this belief is at play for any other prevention strategies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available