Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Exercise environment and physical activity in children and adolescents
Author: Wood, C.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 8343
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2012
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The majority of UK children and adolescents are not meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations, despite the benefits for physical and psychological health (PH). Natural environments facilitate PA and in adults performing PA whilst exposed to nature ('green exercise') results in additional benefits for PH. However, the effects of exercise environment have not been extensively studied in children and adolescents. The primary aim of this study was to examine the effect of exercise environment on the time spent in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) in children and adolescents. The secondary aim was to determine whether green exercise provides additional benefits for PH. Due to variation in PA patterns and opportunities for contact with nature, children and adolescents were examined separately. For children, accelerometers (ACCs) determined whether school playtime (SP) on the field and participation in nature- based interventions lead to greater MVP A than play on the playground and participation in playground-based interventions. A child version of Rosenberg's Self- esteem Scale (RSES), developed and reported in this thesis, examined the effect of the environmental conditions on self-esteem (SE). In adolescents, heart rate (HR) examined and compared the effect of indoor and outdoor environments on MVP A, whilst ACCs assessed the influence of acute exposure to urban and rural environments on P A. RSES and the adolescent profile of mood states (POMS-A) questionnaire compared the effect of the environments on SE and mood. In both children and adolescents, results indicated that natural environments led to higher levels of MVP A. No additional benefits for PH were provided by performing PA in natural environments. Unlike in adults, the current generation of youth do not seem to be connected to nature in a way that allows it to influence their PH. Nature can be used to promote PA in children and adolescents and should thus be incorporated into everyday routines.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available