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Title: Bilateral development assistance and the human rights obligation of international assistance and cooperation : USAID, DFID and the rights to education and health in Ghana
Author: Pettit, Justin Kyle
ISNI:       0000 0004 2741 7594
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2013
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The present study contributes to the ongoing debate regarding extraterritorial human rights obligations with a specific focus on development cooperation. Various international human rights instruments enshrine the obligation to take steps through international assistance and cooperation towards the realisation of economic, social and cultural rights, yet the legal standing of the obligation remains contested, and a number of gaps remain as regards our understanding and application of the obligation. This study first considers the legal foundations of the obligation of international assistance and cooperation, reaffirming its existence as a legal duty, not just a moral one. With reference to the output of treaty bodies, reports of UN Special Procedures and relevant academic commentary, the various aspects the obligation are clarified and placed within the context of international development cooperation. Specific extraterritorial duties in relation to the rights to education and health are also . identified. In order to provide contextual description of the obligation and means of its implementation, examination and comparison of development activities of American and British bilateral development agencies in Ghana is undertaken. Legislation, policies and activities of the United States and United Kingdom are explored to ascertain the degree to which they are consistent with elements of the obligation of international assistance and cooperation, and to assess the impact that their aid initiatives have on the exercise of the rights to education and health elsewhere. Although neither the US nor UK recognise the legal character of the obligation of international assistance and cooperation, there are some encouraging signs with regard to implementation of its various components. However, the analysis also makes apparent that as the obligation continues to evolve there remain a number of significant challenges to its acceptance and wider implementation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available