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Title: Radiation damage studies in the LHCb VELO detector and measurement of the flavour-specific asymmetry in semileptonic B-decays
Author: Webber, Adam Dane
ISNI:       0000 0004 2740 040X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis presents several studies of data collected at the LHCb detector during its first two years of operation. A detector upgrade study is first presented, using simulated events at an increased luminosity. A second study involves radiation damage to the silicon sensors of the LHCb Vertex Locator. During 2010 and 2011the silicon sensors were exposed to a range of fluences, with sensors in the mostactive regions exposed to fluences of up to approximately 45x10^12 1MeV neutron equivalent (1MeV neq). The first observation of n+-on-n sensor type inversion at the Large Hadron Collider is reported, occurring at a fluence of around (10-15)x10^12 of 1MeV neq. The effective depletion voltages of the only n+-on-p sensors in use at the Large Hadron Collider have also been studied, with decreases of around 25V observed after initial irradiation. Following this, the effective depletion voltage inn+-on-p type sensors is observed to increase at a comparable rate to type inverted n+-on-n type sensors. A reduction in the charge collection efficiency due to an unexpected effect involving the sensor readout lines is also observed. A third study relates to CP violation in neutral B-meson mixing, by the measurement of the flavour-specific asymmetry. In the Standard Model, CP violation from this source is expected to be of order 10^-4. Any measured enhancement of this would be a strong indication of new physics. The DØ collaboration has measured the flavour specific asymmetry from B0 and B0s mixing, and found it to be inconsistent with the Standard Model at a confidence level of 3.9 standard deviations, thus motivating an independent measurement from the LHCb experiment. Using the full 2011 LHCb dataset, corresponding to 1.0 fb^-1 of recorded luminosity, the B0s-meson component of the flavour-specific asymmetry is measured to be afs_s = (-0.12 +/- 0.48 +/- 0.34)%, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. This is the single most accurate measurement of afs_s, and is consistent with both the DØ measurement and the Standard Model prediction.
Supervisor: Lafferty, George Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: B-meson mixing ; antimatter ; particle physics