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Title: Integrated optics for coupled-cavity quantum electrodynamics
Author: Lepert, Guillaume
ISNI:       0000 0004 2737 8134
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis reports on the development of an array of plane-concave Fabry-Perot microcavities containing atoms (or other quantum emitters), interconnected by UV-written waveguides on a silica-on-silicon chip. The microcavities are formed by a mirror coated on the end facet of the chip and an array of spherical micromirrors etched on silicon. This is to our knowledge the first attempt at implementing the emerging coupled-cavities QED paradigm. The device we propose possesses a degree of control, flexibility and tuning unmatched in other suggested implementations: The atoms can be manipulated inside the cavity by auxiliary lasers and the cavity-cavity coupling rate as well as the atom-cavity coupling can be tuned. It is highly scalable. Calculation of the complete (classical) optical spectrum of the device is presented. The quantum dynamics that may eventually be observed has also been studied. Waveguide chips containing couplers and phase shifter have been fabricated. We have successfully demonstrated the operation of the elementary sub-systems: the strong optical coupling between a microcavity and a waveguide resonator, and the tunable strong coupling between two evanescently coupled waveguide resonators. No experiments with atoms or other quantum emitters were attempted, because the waveguide propagation loss is so large that no quantum physics can be observed. There is hope that this can be overcome in the future by using other waveguide technologies.
Supervisor: Hinds, Edward Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral