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Title: Revolutionary neighbourhoods and networks during the Paris Commune of 1871
Author: Chadwick, Iain
ISNI:       0000 0000 5462 1305
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis explores the profile and practice of revolutionaries of the Paris Commune and their variation according to local context. A micro-study was made of three revolutionary neighbourhoods: Popincourt, Belleville and La Villette. Micro-study from the angle of the arrondissement reveals the networks of the middle-ranking men who controlled the revolution in each district. A core of revolutionaries was identified and subjected to prosopographical profiling. From detailed study of the main actors, their networks, their profile and their practices, models of revolutionary typology have been postulated. The conseil de guerre dossiers, despite the usual flaws in judicial sources, present the richest material for this project. The networks of the accused can be extracted from the dossiers, and the sociological data they contain used in prosopographical analysis. In Popincourt, the model was that of a virtuous revolutionary: skilled artisans and settled family men embedded in their quartier. Emerging through a quasi-democratic local committee structure, the revolutionaries kept control of the revolution. They avoided violence, and instead worked together to make improvements to their neighbourhood. By contrast, in Belleville the model was that of a demagogic revolutionary. The revolutionary network was focused on one charismatic individual who parachuted his minions into power. These men were dec/asses who viewed the revolution as a means of ameliorating their circumstances. They whipped up the crowd against the enemies of the revolution, culminating in the massacre of hostages in the rue Haxo. Finally, in La Villette there was a hybrid model composed of local activists and a Jacobin infiltration from outside the neighbourhood. This provoked a schism during the Commune and led to paralysis in the revolution. Though the Jacobins controlled the arrondissement, they were unable to rally local support and could not mobilize the migrant element of the Villettois population.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available