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Title: Gold catalysed intermolecular atom transfer reactions on heteroatom-substituted alkynes
Author: Cremonesi, Alex
ISNI:       0000 0004 2739 7538
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis the development of several novel gold-catalysed transformations are reported. Two intermolecular atom transfer processes have been designed and developed to access gold carbenoid reactivity. The latter reactive species allowed the synthesis of various α,ß-unsaturated carboxylic acid derivatives and trisubstituted oxazoles. Numerous nitrogen- and oxygen substituted alkynes have been prepared and employed in oxygen transfer processes promoted by gold complexes. Using pyridine \(N\)-oxide, both ynamides and ynol ethers underwent regioselective intermolecular oxidation reactions under mild gold catalysis conditions. During the transformation, an α-oxo gold carbenoid intermediate is accessed which develops through a rapid 1,2-insertion reaction to yield α,ß -unsaturated imides and vinylogous carbimates. The strategy has proved to be a valid alternative to the use of hazardous α-oxo diazo compound when carbene reactivity is desired. Appling a similar strategy, \(N\)-imido pyridonium ylides have been used as an \(O,N\)-dipole onto gold activated ynamides and ynol ethers. The overall [3+2] cyclisation occurred through a nitrene transfer process followed by a cycloisomerisation step. Under this approach, ynamides and ynol ethers have been converted into highly functionalised trisubstituted oxazoles. The mild gold catalysis conditions allowed the use of a wide range of functionality. Moreover, the α-imido gold carbenoid involved as a reaction intermediate displayed the possibility to utilise such protocol to access α-imido carbene reactivity
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry