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Title: Children's emotional outcomes : the role of coping style and maternal and family factors
Author: Quy, Katie
ISNI:       0000 0004 2736 2028
Awarding Body: Institute of Education, University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2012
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Although a conceptually problematic construct, coping has been found to play an important role in development and wellbeing. Coping in children remains, however, a relatively sparsely researched area of study. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between children's coping styles and emotional outcomes, with particular reference to family factors, and maternal mental health and coping. Based on a review of the literature, it was hypothesised that particular coping styles would be associated with aspects of family functioning and children's symptoms. A new instrument designed to assess children's coping as a multidimensional construct was designed for use in this study. Results indicated that, as hypothesised, there were consistent relationships between family factors, such as maternal mental health, parentchild relationship quality and parent relationship quality, and children's coping, and also between children's coping and children's anxiety and somatic symptoms. In line with hypotheses, deficits in thought and emotion regulation were associated with greater anxiety and somatic symptoms, while strategies associated with self efficacy and constructive strategies were associated with lower symptom levels. Girls were more likely than boys to respond with preoccupation and perseveration and feelings of helplessness, while boys were more likely to report a positive outlook and feel capable of managing negative emotions. Better maternal mental health, positive parent-child relationships and harmonious parental relationships were associated with a more constructive coping style in children, while poorer ratings of maternal mental health, negative parent-child relationships and discordant parent relationships were associated with poor emotion and thought regulation in children. Aspects of mothers' coping were found to be associated with children's coping response styles, providing some support for the role of modelling in the development of children's coping. Contrary to expectation however, there were very few direct associations observed between family factors and children's anxiety and somatic symptoms. These results are discussed in the context of previous research. Limitations of the research are discussed and a number of potentially fruitful areas for future research and implications for interventions and practice are described.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available