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Title: Graphical Gaussian models with symmetries
Author: Gehrmann, Helene
ISNI:       0000 0004 2735 0457
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis is concerned with graphical Gaussian models with equality constraints on the concentration or partial correlation matrix introduced by Højsgaard and Lauritzen (2008) as RCON and RCOR models. The models can be represented by vertex and edge coloured graphs G = (V,ε), where parameters associated with equally coloured vertices or edges are restricted to being identical. In the first part of this thesis we study the problem of estimability of a non-zero model mean μ if the covariance structure Σ is restricted to satisfy the constraints of an RCON or RCOR model but is otherwise unknown. Exploiting results in Kruskal (1968), we obtain a characterisation of suitable linear spaces Ω such that if Σ is restricted as above, the maximum likelihood estimator μ(with circumflex) and the least squares estimator μ* of μ coincide for μ ∈ Ω, thus allowing μ and Σ to be estimated independently. For the special case of Ω being specified by equality relations among the entries of μ according to a partition M of the model variables V, our characterisation translates into a necessary and sufficient regularity condition on M and (V,ε). In the second part we address model selection of RCON and RCOR models. Due to the large number of models, we study the structure of four model classes lying strictly within the sets of RCON and RCOR models, each of which is defined by desirable statistical properties corresponding to colouring regularity conditions. Two of these appear in Højsgaard and Lauritzen (2008), while the other two arise from the regularity condition ensuring equality of estimators μ(with circumflex) = μ* we find in the first part. We show each of the colouring classes to form complete lattices, which qualifies the corresponding model spaces for an Edwards-Havránek model selection procedure (Edwards and Havránek, 1987). We develop a coresponding algorithm for one of the model classes and give an algorithm for a systematic search in accordance with the Edwards-Havránek principles for a second class. Both are applied to data sets previously analysed in the literature, with very encouraging performances.
Supervisor: Lauritzen, Steffen L. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Probability theory and stochastic processes ; statistics ; graphical models ; Gaussian distribution ; symmetry