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Title: The implementation of gender mainstreaming in Malaysia : two case studies
Author: Ahmad, Noor Azizah
ISNI:       0000 0004 2734 8381
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2012
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The aim of this study is to elaborate on the mainstreaming of gender activities in Malaysia by focusing on two case studies namely gender budget analysis pilot project and violence against women. Gender mainstreaming was adopted as a major strategy for promoting gender equality at the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. The conference called for mainstreaming in all Critical Areas of Concern which included poverty, human rights, economy, and violence against women. In addition, the Beijing Platform of Action established that gender analysis should be undertaken in relation to the respective situation and the contributions of both women and men before undertaking development policies and programs. As a signatory of this document, the Malaysian Government has introduced gender budget analysis pilot project involving five ministries. The analysis of interviews with sixteen government officials from five ministries and two agencies involved in gender budgeting pilot project indicates that respondents have mixed opinions about using gender as a framework for analysis. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that majority of respondents in this study do not consider gender budgeting as an important strategy to increase women's participation in the development process. This perception arises from the underpinning impression amongst them that Malaysian women are not discriminated against in any policies, programs or development process. Some of them hold the opinion that Government must implement this concept mainly to abide by international commitments. In the case of violence against women, The Malaysian government is a signatory (albeit with certain reservations) to the United Nations Convention of The Elimination of All Form of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Seventeen respondents were interviewed in this case study' to discussed on policies and programmes implemented by the Government to eliminate violence against women. Findings indicate that respondents consider domestic violence as a significant problem in Malaysia but almost always a hidden social problem. This invisibility is mainly due to stigmatization and the belief in the sanctity of marriage and the privacy of the family. Respondents believe the Government has introduced and implemented many programmes to help reducing violence against women, but most of them do not relate their activities as mainstreaming gender equality.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available