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Title: An investigation into the effects of microstructure and texture on the high strain rate behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V
Author: Wielewski, Euan
ISNI:       0000 0004 2733 8597
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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The core aim of this research project was to improve understanding of the effects of microstructure and crystallographic texture on the high strain rate plastic deformation behaviour of the industrially important Titanium alloy, Ti-6Al-4V. To facilitate this study, four rolled plates of Ti-6Al-4V, with varying thermo-mechanical processing histories, were provided by TIMET Corp., the world’s largest supplier of Titanium product. To determine the nature of each plate’s microstructure and the crystallographic texture of the dominant α phase, the four Ti-6Al-4V plates were microstructurally characterised using techniques such as optical microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). To determine the effects of the measured microstructures and textures on the strain rate dependent plastic deformation behaviour of the four Ti-6Al-4V plates, uniaxial compression and tension tests were carried out in the three orthogonal material orientations at quasi-static (10^-3 s^-1) and high strain rates (10^3 s^-1) using a standard electro-mechanical test device and split-Hopkinson pressure bars (SHPB), respectively. To provide further understanding of the effects of microstructure and texture on the plastic deformation behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V, this time under complex impact loading conditions, the classic Taylor impact experiment was adapted to include an optical measurement and geometry reconstruction technique. A novel experimental setup was designed that consists of an ultra-high speed camera and mirror arrangement, allowing the Taylor impact specimen to be viewed from multiple angles during the experiment. Using the previously mentioned optical measurement and geometry reconstruction technique, it was then possible to gain valuable, previously unobtainable, data on the deformation history of Taylor impact specimens in-situ, such as the major/minor axes of the anisotropically deforming elliptical specimen cross-sections as a function of time and axial position, true strain as a function of time and axial position, and the true strain rate as a function of axial position. The technique was verified by testing a specimen cut from the in-plane material orientation of a clock-rolled high purity Zirconium plate. The output measurements from a post-deformation image frame were compared with measurements of the recovered specimen made using a coordinate measurement machine (CMM), with analysis showing excellent agreement between the two techniques. The experiment was then carried out on specimens cut from the two orthogonal in-plane material orientations of one of the four Ti-6Al-4V plates. Analysis of the data from these experiments gave significant insight into the plastic deformation behaviour of macroscopically textured Ti-6Al-4V under complex impact loading. Recovered Ti-6Al-4V specimens from the outlined Taylor impact experiments were then sectioned along specific planes and microstructurally characterised using EBSD, with comparisons made between the pre and post-deformation microstructures. From this analysis, and the previously discussed geometry reconstruction technique, insight was gained into the effects of micro-texture on the general anisotropic plastic deformation behaviour of Ti-6Al- 4V plate materials and in particular the role of micro-texture on the formation of deformation twins. Finally, the understanding gained from these experiments, and a detailed review of the literature, was used to inform a novel, physically based material modelling framework, capable of capturing the effects of microstructure and texture on the strain rate and temperature dependent plastic deformation behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V. The model was implemented in the computational software package, MATLAB, and verified by comparison with the mechanical characterisation results from one of the Ti-6Al-4V plates. A number of frameworks are discussed for implementing the new Ti-6Al-4V model within finite element (FE) analysis software packages, such as ABAQUS, LS-DYNA and DEFORM. It is hoped that the new Ti-6Al-4V model can be used to optimise the design of Ti-6Al-4V components and structures for impact loading scenarios.
Supervisor: Petrinic, Nik ; Siviour, Clive Sponsor: EPSRC ; Rolls-Royce plc ; TIMET Corp
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Engineering & allied sciences ; Advanced materials ; Aeronautical research ; Aero engines ; Materials engineering ; Mechanical engineering ; Solid mechanics ; Titanium ; Ti-6Al-4V ; microstructure ; texture ; impact