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Title: Modelling of calcium handling in genetically modified mice
Author: Li, Liren
ISNI:       0000 0004 2739 5743
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis develops biophysically-based data-driven mathematical models of intracellular calciumdynamics in ventricularmyocytes for both normal and genetically modified mouse hearts, based on species- and temperature-consistent experimental data. The models were subsequently applied to quantitatively examine the changes in calcium dynamics in mice with cardiomyocyte-specific knockout (KO) of the cardiac sarco/endoplasmic reticulum ATPase (SERCA2) gene, to determine the contributing mechanisms which underlie the ultimate development of heart failure in these animals. In Chapter 1, with emphasis on calcium dynamics and calcium regulation in heart failure, an overview of cardiac electrophysiology, excitation-contraction coupling and mathematical models of cardiac electrophysiology is provided. In Chapter 2, models of calcium dynamics in the ventricular myocytes from the C57BL/6 mouse heart at a physiological temperature is developed and validated based on species- and temperature-consistent measurements. In Chapter 3, the C57BL/6 model framework is re-parameterised to experimental data from the control and SERCA2 KO mice at 4 weeks after gene deletion. The models are then used to quantitatively characterise changes in calcium dynamics in the KO animals and the role of the compensatory mechanisms. In Chapter 4, the model framework is extended to include differential distributions of ion channels in the sarcolemma and the calcium dynamics in the sub-sarcolemmal space, with parameters in these sub-components fitted to experimentally measured calcium dynamics from the control and KO cardiomyocytes at 7-week after gene deletion. Finally in Chapter 5, conclusions are drawn, the limitations of this study are discussed, and the future extensions to this study are described.
Supervisor: Smith, Nicolas P. ; Casadei, Barbara Sponsor: Clarendon Fund Scholarship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biology and other natural sciences (mathematics) ; Cardiovascular disease ; Biophysics ; Mathematical biology ; Calcium handling ; mathematical modelling ; cardiac electriphysiology ; genetically modified mice