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Title: Renewable routes to porous aluminosilicate materials
Author: Cooper, Emma
ISNI:       0000 0004 2737 757X
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2012
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The objectives of this project were to synthesise zeolites and aluminosilicate materials from silicon sources derived from biomass ashes. These materials will have great potential as catalysts and adsorbents. In order to begin this study it was necessary to find and optimise a technique for extraction of silicon to an alkali silicate solution from biomass ashes. It was then necessary to develop a technique for analysis of the alkali silicate solutions. This was done using calibration of integrals from infrared spectra. An optimisation of the synthesis of Zeolite X from a rice hull ash derived alkali silicate was developed and these materials were analysed and characterised using XRD, N2 Adsorption porosimetry, X‐Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy, and X‐Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. An in‐depth study of the surface of the ash derived and reference Zeolite X was undertaken using in situ small molecule probing FT‐IR. It was found that although the materials were similar there was a significant difference due to the presence of a strongly bonded carbonate species in the pores of the bio‐derived zeolite. Synthesis of a Miscanthus ash derived mesoporous silica, MCM‐41, was successfully achieved which was comparable to its conventionally synthesised equivalent. Both displayed ordered hexagonal pores and high surface areas. A study on addition of different sources of aluminium found that it was possible to introduce aluminium into the structure successfully. Included in this study was the addition of the waste product ‘red clay’ as an aluminium source. Another mesoporous silica, SBA‐15 was synthesised from a Miscanthus ash derived alkali silicate. It was necessary to optimise the synthesis to adapt to the different pH systems of the conventional method and bio‐derived alkali silicate solutions. This was achieved and a bio‐derived SBA‐15 material with ordered hexagonal pores was produced.
Supervisor: MacQuarrie, Duncan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available