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Title: Thermo-mechanical analysis of wire and arc additive manufacturing process
Author: Ding, J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2735 2989
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2012
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Conventional manufacturing processes often require a large amount of machining and cannot satisfy the continuously increasing requirements of a sustainable, low cost, and environmentally friendly modern industry. Thus, Additive Manufacturing (AM) has become an important industrial process for the manufacture of custom-made metal workpieces. Among the different AM processes, Wire and Arc Additive Manufacture (WAAM) has the ability to manufacture large, low volume metal work-pieces due to its high deposition rate. In this process, 3D metallic components are built by depositing beads of weld metal in a layer by layer fashion. However, the non-uniform expansion and contraction of the material during the thermal cycle results in residual stresses and distortion. To obtain a better understanding of the thermo-mechanical performance of the WAAM process, a study based on FE simulation was untaken in this thesis. The mechanism of the stress generation during the deposition process was analysed via a 3D transient thermo-mechanical FE model which is verified with experimental results. To be capable of analysing the thermo-mechanical behaviour of large-scale WAAM components, an efficient FE approach was developed which can significantly reduce the computational time. The accuracy of this model was validated against the transient model as well as experimental measurements. With the help of the FE models studies on different deposition parameters, deposition sequences and deposition strategies were carried out. It has been proved that the residual stresses and the distortions are possible to be reduced by using optimised deposition parameters and sequences. In addition, a robot path generation prototype has been developed to help efficiently integrate these optimised process settings in the real-wold WAAM process.
Supervisor: Williams, S. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available