Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Electronic structure and prediction of materials
Author: Gardner, Paul William
ISNI:       0000 0004 2737 1194
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
In this thesis the electronic structure and prediction of materials will be investi- gated, In the first two results chapters we will look at the use of Density Functional Theory primarily to investigate the Electronic Structure of materials, but also as a basic prediction tool, Ruddelesden-Popper layered structures ofthe form An+lBn03n+l (A=Ca, B=Mn) are investigated with emphasis placed on the geometry and reasons behind the formation methods required, GGA and GGA+U functionals are used to describe the n = 1 - 6 and n = 00 phases individually and to determine any trends in the size of the lattice, binding energies and geometries, There are energetic similarities as we increase n highlighting the need for alternative formation methods (Pulsed Laser Deposition) to conventional methods to prevent mixed phase structures as has been observed, The effect of doping or of restricting the size of a lattice with a substrate helps to reduce distortion in perovskite layers, enabling the formation of higher n-layered calcium manganese based Ruddlesden-Popper structures, M(L-cysteinate) structures can be formed (M=Cd,Zn), which feature one-dimensional substructures that can be viewed as fragments of bulk structures of CdS (rocksalt high pressure phase) and ZnS (wurtzite}. Considering the structural similarities with bulk materials, the optical properties of M(L-cysteinate) were studied and indicate blue shifts of the band gap with respect to the bulk MS structures, due to the low dimensionality of the metal-sulphur arrangement. Density of states calculations show strong electronic structure similarities with the bulk phases and rationalize the band gap changes, A comparison of Hybrid (HSE03) functionals and DFT (GGA) is made when evaluating the density of states. A Darwinian based evolutionary process called Genetic Algorithms is used to predict the ground state energy of clusters containing two model ion types of size N=4-20,30 with further insight for N=40,50. More primitive approaches to the selection and mating of clusters is used to simplify the GA process with successful comparison of results to previous work. A dependence on the number of clusters in the population evaluated is observed as we increase the number of ions in a cluster.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral