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Title: The emergence of Gladstone's moral monster : some aspects of undenominational religious education in England from the work of Joseph Lancaster to the passing of the Elementary Education Act of 1870
Author: Chorley, Geoffrey Frank
ISNI:       0000 0004 2737 2525
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2011
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In my thesis I argue that a partial solution to the religious difficulty in English education, with State involvement sufficient to pave the way for the eventual universal provision of school places, was achieved through clause 14 (2) of the 1870 Elementary Education Act (the Cowper-Temple clause) whereby a new species of undenominational religious instruction, primarily negative as regards content, was devised. I identify Henry Austin Bruce as the Cabinet member who secured the acceptance of this proposal over against W. E. Forster and his superior Earl de Grey and Ripon at the Committee of Council on Education. The Cowper- Temple amendment was closely connected to, but not identical with, the undenominationalism of the British and Foreign School Society with its concern for Sunday worship to complement the work of its day schools. It was Cowper- Temple's principle, rather than any other version of undenorninationalism such as the positive undenominationalism of content and intention associated with the failed amendments of Sir John Pakington and Jacob Bright to the 1870 Bill, or reliance on a conscience clause alone, or a secular solution, which was decisive in reaching this partial solution of the religious difficulty in education. I trace the origins of this undenominationalism in English religious education to the work of Joseph Lancaster, arguing that this mode of religious instruction was inspired by the theology of Bishop Francis Gastrell. This thesis presents original work in two main ways: first, in that, whereas other writers have written on the religious difficulty in English education in the nineteenth century, in this thesis I concentrate specifically on undenominationalism; and, second, in that I have accessed a variety of hitherto largely unresearched materials, particularly from such sources as the British and Foreign School Society archives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available