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Title: Predictors of high paternal Expressed Emotion towards children with autism
Author: Mallandain, Ian
ISNI:       0000 0004 2735 0940
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2009
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Introduction: There have been several studies in the intellectual disability/autism literature that have found a relationship between high parental Expressed Emotion and child maladaptive behaviour. Most of these studies have been carried out using mothers. The present study aimed to examine some of the reported associations. Using a logistic regression analysis, factors examined in the present study with Critical Comments were: Paternal psychological morbidity, paternal causal attributions, and child externalising and internalising behaviour. In addition, the differences between critical and non critical fathers in respect of child maladaptive behaviour were examined. Methodology: A cross sectional survey design was carried out, interviewing sixty-eight fathers of children with autistic spectrum disorder, who also completed questionnaires. Interviews were transcribed and coded for Critical Comments and attributions. Questionnaires addressed child maladaptive behaviour and paternal psychological morbidity. Results: Critical fathers differed from non critical fathers in having children with more externalising behaviour, although no difference was found for internalising problems. Externalising behaviour was the only statistically significant predictor of Critical Comments, using logistic regression. An additional finding related to a significant correlation between paternal psychological morbidity and child externalising behaviour. Correlations were also found between Critical Comments, and three independent variables: Child internalising and externalising behaviour, and the control attribution. Discussion: The present study supported previous study findings regarding the relationship between Critical Comments and child externalising behaviour, and partial support for an attribution theory of EE. Clinical and theoretical implications of study findings were discussed, as well as suggestions for future research. Findings suggest that paternal mental health needs to be considered, as an adjunct to parenting programmes, as well as the importance of including fathers, when designing interventions to reduce high EE in families.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available