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Title: Characterisation of non-metal cation polyborate salts and silicate solutions
Author: Timmis , James L.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2730 467X
Awarding Body: Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2011
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The preparation and characterisation of 17 previously unreported non-metal cation (NM,C) salts of isolated polyborate anions is reported. Many of the products were pentaborates, but a triborate and two heptaborate salts were also isolated. All compounds were characterised by elemental analysis, IR and multinuclear (IH, lIB and ¹³C) NMR spectroscopy. Many compounds were characterised by single-crystal XRD methods (EPSRC service, Southampton University): benzylammonium pentaborate, 1; cyclopropylammonium pentaborate, 2; cyclopentylammonium pentaborate, 3; bis(cyclohexylammonium) heptaborate .B(OH)3 .3H20, 7; bis(cycloheptylammonium) heptaborate .2B(OH)3 .2H20, 8; N,N,N-trimethylcyclohexylammonium pentaborate, 11; piperazinium bis(triborate), 14; N,N-dimethylpiperazinium pentaborate, 17; N,N,N',N'- tetramethylpiperazinium bis(pentaborate), 19; 1,2-dimethylimidazolium pentaborate .H20, 24; 1,2,3-trimethylimidazolium pentaborate, 25; 2-isopropylimidazolium pentaborate, 2-ethyl-4-methylimidazolium pentaborate, 26; 29; tetraphenylphosphonium pentaborate .1.5H20, 34; methyltriphenylphosphonium pentaborate .B(OH)3 .O.5H20, 36; isopropyltriphenylphosphonium pentaborate .3.5H20, 37; and bis(triphenylphosphoranylidene)ammonium iodide, 39. The thermal decomposition (in air) of these polyborates was studied by DSC/TGA methods. Generally, thermal decomposition occurs as a two stage process with a low temperature «250°C) endothermic dehydration step (to an anhydrous NMC polyborate salt) preceding a high temperature (300-800°C) exothermic oxidation step. I B203 is the eventual product. BET analysis was also undertaken on materials arising from the NMC polyborate thermal decompositions, and all are essentially non-porous materials. 11 The drying of an aqueous sodium silicate solution has been investigated. A combination of liquid-state and solid-state 29Si NMR techniques demonstrated that dehydration of the solution led to an increase in the extent of cross-linking between Qn silicate units. Two solutions were investigated; one was a commercial sodium silicate solution and the other containing a commercial sodium silicate solution and a polyhydroxyl alcohol.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available