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Title: The Europeanisation of Turkish foreign policy towards the Middle East
Author: Gunay, Defne
ISNI:       0000 0004 2733 2259
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis is an exploration of the Europeanisation of Turkish Foreign Policy towards the Middle East. The mainstream conceptualisation of Europeanisation in the foreign policy domain is based on a frequently used tripartite framework of uploading, downloading and socialisation. This framework is based on uploading preferences or templates by member states to the 'EU level', downloading policies from the `EU level` and socialisation of national foreign policy actors at the 'EU level'. When the research direction turns towards EU candidates, the conceptualisation of the 'EU level' becomes problematic due to the candidates being unable to upload their preferences to the EU. I argue in this thesis that these are issues that can benefit from a closer reflection on the conceptualisation of the so-called 'EU level' and how it interacts with domestic agency. Therefore, this thesis starts by conceptualising 'EU candidacy' as an institutional context to address the shortcomings of the mainstream Europeanisation model in its application to candidate states. This conceptualisation is based on the strategic-relational approach and a critical realist methodology for embedding this research into a new institutionalist agenda. It is analysed in this thesis how the usages of Turkey's EU candidate role prescriptions by Turkish actors have shaped Turkey's foreign policy towards the Middle East between 1999 and 2010. In this vein, this thesis analyses how the institutionalisation of Turkey's EU candidate role has enabled Turkey's foreign policy towards the Middle East since the 1999 Helsinki decision of the EU to declare Turkey as a candidate country. The main argument is that the institutionalisation of EU candidate role regarding compliance with the Copenhagen criteria and the foreign policy acquis of the EU through the usages by domestic actors has had enabled Turkey's foreign policy towards the Middle East.
Supervisor: bulmer, simon Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available