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Title: Comparative morphology of Korean and Japanese
Author: Ozaki, Muneto
ISNI:       0000 0003 7535 8560
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Similarities between Korean and Japanese have attracted the attention of linguists for more than a century. Although much research has already been carried out by many scholars on lexical comparison between the two languages, there is a scarcity of systematic comparison of grammatical morphemes between them. This dissertation seeks to fill the gap. It identifies common Proto-Korean/Japanese origins of a number of nominal and aspectual formants, such as the nominal formant *-i-, perfective formant *-n-, and imperfective formant *-l-/-r-. It also ascertains the validity of Frellesvig's proposal about the Proto- Korean/Japanese common copula root *t. Moreover, relying on evidence showing pre-Middle Korean (MK) *s > h lenition, it identifies a common verb stem *sV-, whose reflexes are the MK lexical verb and derivational suffix 'ho- 'do', and the Old Japanese (01) lexical verb se- 'do' and derivational suffix -s-. The interrogative marker -ka is also identified as having common Proto- Korean/Japanese origin. A number of OJ loan-words from early Korean are also identified. They include the Kami Nidan (upper bigrade) stem-forming derivational suffix -bwi, which has its origin in the early Korean 'pwoy- 'make see, show'; the OJ adverb koto 'like' ~ semblative -goto 'similar' from the early Korean semblative - 'kot 'similar' and adjective root 'kot-tho)-; the OJ adjective infinitive-formant -ku and bound noun -ku 'place' from the early Korean noun 'kwot 'place, fact' and gerund-formant - 'kwo; OJ adjective formant -si- from early Korean existential verb isi- 'be, exist'; and the OJ honorific -s- from the early Korean honorific -si-, The OJ ablative particle ywo ~ yu has its origin in the Proto-Korean/Japanese copula root *t, which gave the OJ copula to ~ ni, but ywo ~ yu was later borrowed from the ancestor of MK adverbial particle 'lwo. On the other hand, the dissertation examines and rejects the cognation of several seemingly related pairs, such as the OJ perfective -te- and the MK retrospective //a-; the OJ derivational suffix -m- and the MK nominalizer -m; the OJ negative -(a)n- and the MK negative adverb a 'ni; and the OJ conjectural-(a)m- and the MK adverb "amattwo).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available