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Title: CD59a – A novel role in bone
Author: Bloom, Anja Constanze
ISNI:       0000 0004 2734 4735
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2012
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The complement system has crucial functions in host defence. Novel data revealed a role for complement components in the pathology of osteoarthritis (OA). CD59a is a regulator of the terminal complement pathway in mice; the purpose of the study was to determine if CD59a-/- mice have an osteoarthritic bone phenotype. Osteoblast (OB) mineralisation, colony forming unit (CFU) and OCG assays were performed in vitro from bone marrow preparations of 8-20 week old mice. Decreased CFU differentiating towards osteoblasts and adipocytes (n=1 only), as well as an increased OCG, was revealed in male CD59a deficient (-/-) over wildtype (WT) mice. OCG in females were comparable. A human CD59 knockdown system utilising short hairpin (sh) ribonucleic acid (RNA) delivered by adenoviruses was established but did not differentiate into osteoclasts (OC). In vivo the bone phenotype of CD59a-/- mice was established for femora and vertebra L6 via X-ray, microcomputed tomography and histology. In male mice femoral length was increased in CD59a-/- versus WT mice at 8-10, 20 and 50 weeks. Cortical bone volume was increased whilst bone mineral density (BMD) was reduced in CD59a-/- versus WT mice at 8-10 and 20 weeks. Trabecular bone analysis of the distal femur (and spine) showed increased trabecular bone ratio, number, thickness, connectivity and total BMD in CD59a-/- over WT at 8-10 (and 20) weeks of age. In female mice there was no difference in femoral length and trabecular bone, but cortical BMD was raised at 50 weeks (CD59a-/- versus WT). Finally, histology revealed enhanced mineral apposition rate and OC surface as well as reduced osteoid surface in male CD59a-/- over WT mice at 8-10 weeks of age. Increased bone growth and turnover related to CD59a gene deletion were gender specific. These studies highlight CD59a as a potential target for OA treatment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R Medicine (General) ; RB Pathology