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Title: Microfluidic microwave resonant sensors
Author: Rowe, David James
ISNI:       0000 0004 2734 4276
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2012
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Matter can be identified by its interaction with electromagnetic fields. This can be described by its dielectric and magnetic properties, which typically vary with respect to frequency in the microwave region. Microwave-frequency spectroscopy is capable of making non-contact, non-destructive, non-invasive and label-free measurements with respect to time. It can be used to characterise all states of matter and combinations thereof, such as colloids and microparticulate suspensions. Sensors based upon this technology therefore have great potential for (bio)chemical and industrial point-of-sampling applications where existing measurement techniques are insufficiently portable, low-cost or sensitive. Microfluidics is the manipulation of fluids within microscale geometries. This gives rise to phenomena not observed at the macroscale that can be exploited to achieve enhanced control of fluid flow. This means that microfluidic techniques can be used to perform complex chemistry in a completely sealed environment with minimal reagent consumption. Hence, microfluidics offers an ideal sample interfacing method for a microwave-frequency sensor. This work is concerned with developing novel, low-cost and highly sensitive probes that be easily integrated into a microfluidic device for performing on-chip sample preparation and diagnostics for generic (bio)chemical and industrial point-of-sampling applications. To this end, several novel microwave resonant structures were designed, optimised and integrated into microfluidic devices in order to characterise a variety of liquid-phase samples.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering