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Title: An enhanced modulated waveform measurement system
Author: Akmal, Muhammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 2732 3133
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2011
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The microwave devices and circuits need to be characterized prior to being employed in the design of systems and components. Unfortunately the measurement systems required to characterize the microwave devices and circuits have not kept pace with the emerging telecommunication technologies demands. This has resulted into a situation where either the circuits being employed in the components are unoptimized or the yield and turn-around of optimized circuits are slow. One of the contributing factors of such situations is the limitations of the existing measurement systems to scale up in performance to fulfil the necessary requirements. This thesis presents an enhanced multi-tone, time domain waveform measurement and engineering system. The presented system allows for a more considered, and scientific process to be adopted in the characterisation and measurement of microwave power devices for modern day communications systems. The main contributions to the field of research come in two areas; firstly developments that allow for accurate time domain measurement of complex modulated signals using commercially available equipment; and secondly in the area of active impedance control, where significant developments were made allowing active control of impedance across a modulated bandwidth. The first research area addressed is the fundamental difficulty in sampling multi-tone waveforms, where the main achievements have been the realisation of a high quality trigger clock for the sampling oscilloscope and a “Time Domain Partitioning” approach to measure and average multi-tone waveforms on-board. This approach allows the efficient collection of high quality vectoral information for all significant distortion terms, for all bands of interest. The second area of research investigated suitable impedance control architectures to comprehensively investigate out-of-band impedance effects on the linearity performance of a device. The ultimate aim was to simultaneously present independent, baseband impedances to all the significant baseband (IF) frequency components and to 2nd harmonic that result from a multi-tone excitation. The main achievement in this area was the ability of the enhanced measurement system to present the broadband impedance. At baseband this has been achieved in the time domain using a single arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) to synthesise the necessary waveforms to allow a specific IF impedance environment to be maintained across a wide IF bandwidth. To engineer the RF out-of-band load terminations at RF frequencies and to emulate specific power amplifier modes, a Tektronix AWG7000 Arbitrary Waveform Generator was used to deliver the desired impedances, practically fulfilling the wideband application requirements for reliable device characterisation under complex modulated excitations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering