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Title: Microwave resonant sensors
Author: Naylon, Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 2732 3096
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2011
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Microwave resonant sensors use the spectral characterisation of a resonator to make high sensitivity measurements of material electromagnetic properties at GHz frequencies. They have been applied to a wide range of industrial and scientific measurements, and used to study a diversity of physical phenomena. Recently, a number of challenging dynamic applications have been developed that require very high speed and high performance, such as kinetic inductance detectors and scanning microwave microscopes. Others, such as sensors for miniaturised fluidic systems and non-invasive blood glucose sensors, also require low system cost and small footprint. This thesis investigates new and improved techniques for implementing microwave resonant sensor systems, aiming to enhance their suitability for such demanding tasks. This was achieved through several original contributions: new insights into coupling, dynamics, and statistical properties of sensors; a hardware implementation of a realtime multitone readout system; and the development of efficient signal processing algorithms for the extraction of sensor measurements from resonator response data. The performance of this improved sensor system was verified through a number of novel measurements, achieving a higher sampling rate than the best available technology yet with equivalent accuracy and precision. At the same time, these experiments revealed unforeseen applications in liquid metrology and precision microwave heating of miniature flow systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering