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Title: Exploring 'dual diagnosis' treatment motivation
Author: Ward, Max O.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2729 2568
Awarding Body: Canterbury Christ Church University
Current Institution: Canterbury Christ Church University
Date of Award: 2011
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Section A reviews the clinical and risk implications of dual diagnosis along with the treatment context. The value of gathering firsthand accounts of service users to inform the planning and delivery of healthcare is touched on. The second part of the paper centres on theories of motivation and how they might be applied to help explain low rates of dual diagnosis treatment uptake and engagement. Finally, gaps in the literature are highlighted with recommendations for further research. Section B There is an emerging evidence base to support the use of integrated approaches that treat co-existing mental health and substance use disorders simultaneously. However, low rates of treatment uptake and engagement remain a concern. To address this, it would seem important to understand dual diagnosis treatment motivation and engagement, an area that has received little attention from the research community. The aim of this study was to explore service users’ and clinicians' understandings of how treatment motivation and its relationship with treatment engagement relate specifically to people with dual diagnosis. Transcripts from semi-structured interviews with four service users and four clinicians were analysed using narrative methodology. The study suggests that the factors underpinning treatment motivation and engagement among people viewed as having dual diagnosis are similar to those thought to be associated with addictions and mental health disorders generally although their relative influence and interaction effect might be different. It is suggested that negative perceptions of services, difficulties with trust, and therapeutic relationship are particularly important issues among dual diagnosis populations. Clinical and theoretical implications of the study are discussed in relation to the literature as well as recommendations for future research. Section C: Critical Appraisal. This paper provides a general overview of narrative research, including strengths and limitations as they relate to this study. With reference to the literature, clinical and theoretical implications are elaborated along with recommendations for future research. The author’s critical self-reflections regarding the process of initiating, carrying out and completing the study are highlighted. Following this, there is a section on the ethical considerations of the study. Finally, the measures taken to ensure the quality of the study and maximise internal consistency are presented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF0636 Applied psychology ; RA0790 Mental health services. Mental illness prevention ; RC0554 Personality disorders. Behavior problems ; RC0512 Psychopathology. Mental disorders