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Title: Improving end-to-end Internet performance by detouring
Author: Ho, Sing Wang
ISNI:       0000 0004 2732 6393
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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The Internet provides a best-effort service, which gives a robust fault-tolerant network. However, the performance of the paths found in regular Internet routing is suboptimal. As a result, applications rarely achieve all the benefits that the Internet can provide. The problem is made more difficult because the Internet is formed of competing ISPs which have little incentives to reveal information about the performance of Internet paths. As a result, the Internet is sometimes referred as a ‘black-box’. Detouring uses routing overlay networks to find alternative paths (or detour paths) that can improve reliability, latency and bandwidth. Previous work has shown detouring can improve the Internet. However, one important issue remains—how can these detour paths be found without conducting large-scale measurements? In this thesis, we describe practical methods for discovering detour paths to improve specific performance metrics that are scalable to the Internet. Particularly we concentrate our efforts on two metrics, latency and bandwidth, which are arguably the two most important performance metrics for end-user’s applications. Taking advantage of the Internet topology, we show how nodes can learn about segments of Internet paths that can be exploited by detouring leading to reduced path latencies. Next, we investigate bandwidth detouring revealing constructive detour properties and effective mechanisms to detour paths in overlay networks. This leads to Ukairo, our bandwidth detouring platform that is scalable to the Internet and tcpChiryo, which predicts bandwidth in an overlay network through measuring a small portion of the network.
Supervisor: Draief, Moez Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral