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Title: Expression, purification and characterisation of recombinant chromatin assembly factor 1
Author: Royle, Nikki
ISNI:       0000 0004 2731 0842
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2013
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Chromatin Assembly Factor 1 (CAF-1) is the only known replication dependant histone chaperone, responsible for the deposition of the histone H3/H4 tetramer onto DNA. Found in all eukaryotes, CAF-1 consists of three subunits, p150, p60 and p48. Since its identification work on CAF-1 has mainly focused on in vivo studies due to the lack of a reliable method to produce large quantities of recombinant protein for biochemical studies. Herein the cloning, production and purification of the three subunits of recombinant CAF-1 is described. The proteins were expressed as complexes and individually in insect cells and Escherichia coli, optimised protocols are described for maximum protein recovery and purity. Constructs of p150 and p60 were also produced and used to analyse the binding regions and modes of both the p48 and p60 proteins to p150. It is shown that the two smaller subunits of CAF-1 do not interact in the absence of p150 and that the p150 subunit of CAF-1 acts as a scaffold for assembly of the complex, binding directly to both p48 and p60. The stoichiometry of the CAF-1 complex was also investigated and a basis for further work, including structural studies, discussed.
Supervisor: Laue, Ernest Sponsor: BBSRC ; Wellcome Trust
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Chromatin ; Biochemistry ; Chromatin assembly ; CAF1