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Title: Performance of precise marine positioning using future modernised global satellite positioning systems and a novel partial ambiguity resolution technique
Author: Parkins, A. J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2732 8153
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2009
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The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) established a set of positioning requirements for future Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) constellations in IMO resolution A.915. It is important to be able to determine if these requirements can be met, and what shore infrastructure would be required. This thesis describes the collection of data in a marine environment and the analysis of these data with regards to the requirements. The data collection exercise was held at the beginning of May 2008 and saw THV Alert navigate into Harwich Harbour whilst Global Positioning System (GPS) observation data were recorded from onboard the vessel and from shore-based reference stations. Additional data were obtained from nearby Ordnance Survey reference stations, and two total stations were used to track the vessel’s passage to provide a truth model. Several modernised GPS satellites were tracked. The data were processed under different scenarios, using software developed at UCL, and the positioning performance was analysed in the context of the IMO requirements. Potential performance improvements from modernised GPS and Galileo were then discussed. Providing integrity through single-epoch real-time kinematic positioning, required to meet the strictest IMO requirements, is particularly difficult. The identification of phase observation outliers is not possible before the integer ambiguities are resolved, but an undetected outlier could prevent successful ambiguity resolution. It will not always be necessary to fix all the ambiguities to achieve the required positioning precision, particularly with a multi-GNSS constellation. This thesis introduces a new algorithm for partial ambiguity resolution in the presence of measurement bias. Although computationally intensive, this algorithm significantly improves the ambiguity resolution success rate, increasing the maximum baseline length over which the highest requirements are met with dual-frequency GPS from 1 km to 66 km.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available