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Title: Mitigating edge-localized modes on the Mega-Ampere Spherical Tokamak using resonant magnetic perturbations
Author: Denner, Peter
ISNI:       0000 0004 2728 5886
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2012
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Type-I ELMy H-mode is planned to be the reference inductive operational scenario for ITER. However, unmitigated type-I ELMs would cause unacceptable damage to ITER’s divertor, so a way of mitigating their effect must be found. This thesis focuses on the ergodization of the plasma edge using RMPs as a means of ELM control, and on related topics relevant to ergodic magnetic fields in MAST. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to nuclear fusion and chapter 2 provides an overview of ELMs. In chapter 3, the effect of ergodic fields on L-mode temperature profiles is calculated. It is found that no flattening of the temperature profile should be expected in MAST plasmas, which is in agreement with experimental results. In chapter 4, various metrics characterizing the degree of ergodicity in both L- and H-mode plasmas are calculated using vacuum modelling and compared with the amount of density pump-out observed experimentally in the those plasmas during the application of RMPs. The only parameter to show a correlation with the amount of density pump-out is the width of the laminar region. However, plasma response modelling provides a robust criterion for the occurrence of density pump-out that applies both to L- and H-mode plasmas. In chapter 5, the results of lower single-null H-mode ELM mitigation experiments using n=4 and n=6 RMPs are presented. ELM mitigation is achieved and refuelling of plasmas that had begun to undergo pump-out is successfully demonstrated. Both ELM frequency and density pump-out are found to increase with ELM coil current above a certain threshold. An analysis of an ergodic magnetic field formed by a current sheet on a rational surface is presented in chapter 6. Various properties of this ergodic field are calculated and compared with experimental effects observed in the plasma. Some agreement is found between the experimental data and the modelling. Finally, a summary of the thesis is given in chapter 7.
Supervisor: Woolsey, Nigel Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available