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Title: Flexible synthesis of spirocyclic pyrans and piperidines
Author: Ferrari, Frank D.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2728 2757
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2012
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Spirocyclic piperidines and spirocyclic pyrans are prevalent throughout nature, often appearing in natural products which exhibit exciting biological activities. Notable examples of spirocyclic piperidine-containing biologically active natural products are halichlorine, pinnaic acid and tauropinnaic acid. Despite their structural similarity, halichlorine and the pinnaic acids were isolated from separate organisms; halichlorine was isolated from extracts of the marine sponge Halichondria okadai while both pinnaic acid and tauropinnaic acid were isolated from the Okinawan bivalve mollusc Pinna muricata. The complex hybrid molecule polymaxenolide contains a representative spirocyclic pyran core. The biological profile of polymaxenolide is not yet known, however its hybrid origins have rendered it a target of significant interest. The work described herein details the development of a methodology capable of accessing both spirocyclic pyran and spirocyclic piperidine core structures from a common cyclic tertiary furfuryl alcohol intermediate. The key spirocycle forming step involves the oxidative rearrangement of cyclic tertiary furfuryl alcohols and amines for the synthesis of spirocyclic pyrans and piperidines, respectively. Efforts towards the synthesis of a complex, africanane-derived Southern fragment, with the intention of applying this methodology towards the synthesis of polymaxenolide are reported. This methodology has been further elaborated to complete an asymmetric synthesis of the upper framework of an oxa-analogue of pinnaic acid. The potential for a spectator protecting group free synthesis of pinnaic acid was also explored and the synthesis of an advanced intermediate is also reported.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry