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Title: Deciphering the molecular mechanism by which Fml1 promotes and constrains homologous recombination
Author: Nandi, Saikat
ISNI:       0000 0004 2723 6099
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Homologous Recombination (HR) can promote genome stability through its capacity to faithfully repair DNA gouble 2trand !;!reak2 (DSBs) and preventing the demise of stalled replication forks in part by catalysing template switching to enable DNA polymerase to bypass lesions. Despite these beneficial roles, inappropriate or untimely HR events can have deleterious consequences. HR can cause genome instability by recombining "inappropriate" homologous sequences, especially if the recombination intermediates are resolved to form crossovers. Over the past few years, study of the rare inherited chromosome instability disorder, Eanconi Anaemia (FA), has uncovered a novel DNA damage response pathway. Although the FA pathway is required primarily for interstrand DNA cross link repair, its precise role in DNA repair reactions is still unclear. FA.Qomplementation group M (FANCM) is the sole component within the FA core complex which possesses a DNA helicase/ATPase domain and an endonuclease domain (albeit non-functional), suggesting that FANCM could translocate along DNA and target the FA core complex to blocked replication forks. To further elucidate the role of FANCM in HR, I have purified Fm11, the FANCM orthologue in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and tested its activity on a range of synthetic replication and recombination intermediates in vitro. Fml1 binds both replication forks and Holliday Junctions (HJs) which are key intermediates of HR.
Supervisor: Whitby, Matthew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: DNA damage ; DNA repair ; Double-stranded RNA ; Genomes ; Fanconi's anemia