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Title: Supporting the regeneration process of a diesel particulate filter with the addition of hydrogen and hydrogen/carbon monoxide mixtures : diesel engine aftertreatment system
Author: Hemmings, Stephen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2722 4450
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2012
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This investigation aims to enhance the regeneration performance of a diesel particulate filter. This is achieved by introducing various chemical components to the regeneration process, which are representative of what can be generated ‘on board’ a vehicle using an exhaust gas fuel reformer. By researching the effects of introducing such components using a periodic injection cycle the aim is to reduce the volume of ‘reformates’ required to assist in proficient diesel particulate filter regeneration. As a result, this study also aims to support future work in the development of exhaust gas fuel reformer design for DPF aftertreatment applications. All experiments were performed using a Ford Puma 2.0 litre diesel engine. A test rig was constructed and installed that featured a mini diesel particulate filter housed within a tubular furnace. Exhaust gas could be sampled directly from the exhaust manifold and fed through the DPF. Exhaust gas measurements were taken both pre and post DPF using a FTIR spectrometer. It was shown that the regeneration process could be supported substantially by the introduction of hydrogen. Similar properties were also demonstrated when introducing a hydrogen-carbon monoxide mixture. The introduction of these species allowed for the regeneration process to be implemented at filter temperatures substantially lower than the passive regeneration temperature. Furthermore, by introducing these simulated reformates using a periodic injection strategy, it was evident that similar benefits to the regeneration process could be attained with significantly less volumes of simulated reformates. In an attempt to effectively utilise the carbon monoxide generated during hydrogen production by an exhaust gas fuel reformer, this study defined an optimised hydrogen/carbon monoxide mixture ratio of 60% (v/v) hydrogen balanced with carbon monoxide. At this optimised mixture ratio, the filter demonstrated the highest regeneration efficiency of all ratios tested. Such data could be utilised in future work in the development of fuel reformer design.
Supervisor: Megaritis, T. Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (Grants EP/F025416/1 and EP/G038007/1)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Emissions ; Particulates ; Soot ; Space velocity